IPCC Special Report: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) - 2. Determinants of Risk: Exposure and Vulnerability

Content Type: 
Curated Content
Author or Institution as Author: 
Omar-Dario Cardona (Colombia)

 Maarten K. van Aalst (Netherlands)

Funding Partner: 
Date of publication: 
January, 2012
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Gender marker: 
Youth marker: 

Many climate change adaptation efforts aim to address the implications of potential changes in the frequency, intensity, and duration of weather and climate events that affect the risk of extreme impacts on human society. That risk is determined not only by the climate and weather events (the hazards) but also by the exposure and vulnerability to these hazards. Therefore, effective adaptation and disaster risk management strategies and practices also depend on a rigorous understanding of the dimensions of exposure and vulnerability, as well as a proper assessment of changes in those dimensions. This chapter aims to provide that understanding and assessment, by further detailing the determinants of risk as presented in Chapter 1.

Climate Change Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Global Warming Risk Exposure Vulnerability Extreme Events Disaster Adaptation
Contact name (for further information): 
Omar-Dario Cardona (Colombia)
Contact institution (for further information): 
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Cardona, O.D., M.K. van Aalst, J. Birkmann, M. Fordham, G. McGregor, R. Perez, R.S. Pulwarty, E.L.F. Schipper, and B.T. Sinh, 2012: Determinants of risk: exposure and vulnerability. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 65-108

CCARDESA Category: 

File Download Questionnaire


This mini-questionnaire helps us understand how people are accessing and using information products provided by the SAAIKS Knowledge Hub. Please fill in all the fields.

International Cooperating Partners


Get Connected With CCARDESA