Living Planet Report 2018: Living Higher

Content Type: 
Curated Content
Author or Institution as Author: 
WWF
Co-authors: 

Grooten, M. and Almond, R.E.A.(Eds)

Mike Barrett (WWF-UK), Alan Belward (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Sarah Bladen (Global Fishing Watch), Tom Breeze (University of Reading), Neil Burgess (UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre - UNEP-WCMC), Stuart Butchart (BirdLife International), Harriet Clewlow (British Antarctic Survey and the University of Exeter), Sarah Cornell (Stockholm Resilience Centre), Andrew Cottam (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Simon Croft (Stockholm Environment Institute), Guiseppe de Carlo (WWF International), Luca de Felice (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Adriana De Palma (Natural History Museum, London), Stefanie Deinet (Zoological Society of London), Rod Downie (WWF-UK), Carel Drijver (WWF-NL), Bernadette Fischler (WWF-UK), Robin Freeman (Zoological Society of London), Owen Gaffney (Stockholm Resilience Centre), Alessandro Galli (Global Footprint Network), Paul Gamblin (WWF International), Michael Garratt (University of Reading), Noel Gorelick (Google Earth Engine), Jonathan Green (Stockholm Environment Institute), Monique Grooten (WWF-NL), Laurel Hanscom (Global Footprint Network), Samantha Hill (UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre - UNEP-WCMC), Craig Hilton-Taylor (IUCN), Arwyn Jones (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Tony Juniper (WWF-UK), Huma Khan (WWF International), David Kroodsma (Global Fishing Watch), David Leclère (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis), Ghislaine Llewellyn (WWF-Australia), Georgina Mace (University College London), Louise McRae (Zoological Society of London), Karen Mo (WWF-US), Jeff Opperman (WWF International), Alberto Orgiazzi (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Stuart Orr (WWF International), Pablo Pacheco (WWF International), Deng Palomares and Daniel Pauly (Sea Around Us, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia), Jean-Francois Pekel (European Commission Joint Research Centre), Linwood Pendleton (WWF-US), Andy Purvis (Natural History Museum, London), Norman Radcliffe (British Antarctic Survey), Toby Roxburgh (WWF-UK), Bob Scholes (University of the Wittswatersrand, South Africa and IPBES Chair), Deepa Senapathi (University of Reading), John Tanzer (WWF International), Michele Thieme (WWF-US), Dave Tickner (WWF-UK), Pablo Tittonell (Natural Resources and Environment Program of INTA, Argentina), Phil Trathan (British Antarctic Survey), Piero Visconti (University College London and Zoological Society of London), Mathis Wackernagel (Global Footprint Network) Chris West (Stockholm Environment Institute) and Natascha Zwaal (WWF-NL)

Funding Partner: 
Date of publication: 
October, 2018
Edition or Version: 
1.00
Institution: 
WWF
Language: 
Gender marker: 
Youth marker: 
Description/Abstract: 

This global overview is useful but it’s also important to understand whether there are differences in threats between different geographic regions and whether similar species are affected by them in different ways. The Living Planet Index, a rich source of this information, can tell us about threats at the species population level. This more granular level of data has already highlighted different responses in different species of penguins in western Antarctica.

The Living Planet Index also tracks the state of global biodiversity by measuring the population abundance of thousands of vertebrate species around the world. The latest index shows an overall
decline of 60% in population sizes between 1970 and 2014. Species population declines are especially pronounced in the tropics, with South and Central America suffering the most dramatic decline, an 89% loss compared to 1970. Freshwater species numbers have also declined dramatically, with the Freshwater Index showing an 83% decline since 1970. But measuring biodiversity – all the varieties of life that can be found on Earth and their relationships to each other – is complex, so this report also explores three other indicators measuring changes in species distribution, extinction risk and changes in community composition. All these paint the same picture – showing severe declines or changes.

Keywords: 
Biodiversity Climate Change
Contact phone (for further information): 
+41 22 364 9111
Contact institution (for further information): 
WWF
Citation: 

WWF. 2018. Living Planet Report 2018. Aiming Higher. Grooten, M. and Almond, R.E.A.(Eds). WWF, Gland, Switzerland.

CCARDESA Category: 

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